Clarinet, bass

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The Bass Clarinet is one of the largest members of the orchestral clarinet family. However, it is not the biggest - the rare contrabass clarinet is even bigger. The bass clarinet plays notes one octave lower than the standard orchestral clarinet. It has a breathy, almost hollow tone - popular with jazz saxophone players who often use it as a second instrument.

Pitch range
Approximately three-and-a-half octaves.
African blackwood (a hard, dense wood from Madagascar or Central Africa).
4 ft (1.20 m) long.
The bass clarinet first appeared toward the end of the 18th century in Europe. It probably evolved to replace the bassoon in military bands.
Aerophone: an instrument that produces its sound by the vibration of a column of air.
And also...
The bass clarinet is difficult to play well. Standard orchestral clarinetists may never touch a bass clarinet, leaving it to specialized players.

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